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Health and physical activity among elderly Melbournians to develop urban design directions

Bezzina, Andrea et Brown, Jai et Mao, Yifu et Ramsay, Benjamin (2016). Health and physical activity among elderly Melbournians to develop urban design directions. [Rapport de recherche]

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Résumé

Melbourne’s suburbs are rapidly expanding as its population increases. In addition, the average age of the population is climbing, leading to a greater burden on the Victorian public health system. To reduce this, the city should develop in a manner that promotes physical activity and specifically active transport. This study aims to determine the health impact that the urban environment and subsequent active transport time use has on elderly residents. Data sets from 22 Local Government Areas (LGA) of metropolitan Melbourne have been assessed to identify any correlations between elderly health and physical activity. Three bio-indicators were used to indicate elderly health: type 2 diabetes, depression & anxiety and ischaemic heart disease. Furthermore, the walkability of an LGA, measured by its Walk Score™, was used as an indicator of physical activity and an adequate substitute for active transport time use data. The outcomes of this study suggest an inverse correlation between type 2 diabetes and walkability, indicating a relationship between health and urban design. The outcomes relating to the other health bio-indicators are less clear with further study required to determine what influence urban design has on ischaemic heart disease, depression and anxiety. Overall, the results of this study have potential to reduce the pressure of an aging population on society by promoting discussion within the urban design and policy making sphere in Melbourne and comparable cities

Type de document: Rapport de recherche
Mots-clés libres: VAPEN Melbourne Physical activity Elderly Urban design
Déposé par: Veille References
Date de dépôt: 09 mars 2017 19:12
Dernière modification: 09 mars 2017 21:49
URI: http://bel.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/3088

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