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A Test of Basic Psychological Needs Theory in a Physical Activity–Based Program for Underserved Youth

McDavid, Lindley et McDonough, Meghan H. et Blankenship, Bonnie T. et LeBreton, James M. (2017). A Test of Basic Psychological Needs Theory in a Physical Activity–Based Program for Underserved Youth. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology . p. 1-35. DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2016-0038.

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Résumé

This study used a randomized controlled design to test the pathways in basic psychological needs theory where social relationships characterized by autonomy support, involvement, and structure foster psychological need satisfaction and well–being (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Participants were recruited from a physical activity–based youth program. A new staff training was implemented to manipulate the use of each interpersonal characteristic by program staff (N=24 observed), and perceptions of each interpersonal characteristic, psychological needs, hope, and self–worth in youth (N=379 surveyed pre- and post-program). Staff in the intervention condition used greater overall observed autonomy support, involvement, and structure. Condition assignment did not lead to differences in youth perceptions, but observed staff behaviors positively predicted youth perceptions of staff and perceptions of staff positively predicted change in well–being. Findings indicate that the training manipulated how staff engaged youth, and autonomy support, involvement, and structure are useful strategies to foster well–being in youth.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: VAPEN Self–worth Hope Positive youth development Intervention Self–determination theory
Déposé par: Veille References
Date de dépôt: 09 mars 2017 13:42
Dernière modification: 09 mars 2017 13:42
URI: http://bel.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/3072

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