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Preserving older adults' routine outdoor activities in contrasting neighborhood environments through a physical activity intervention

King, Abby C. et Salvo, Deborah et Banda, Jorge A. et Ahn, David K. et Chapman, James E. et Gill, Thomas M. et Fielding, Roger A. et Demons, Jamehl et Tudor-Locke, Catrine et Rosso, Andrea et Pahor, Marco et Frank, Lawrence D. (2017). Preserving older adults' routine outdoor activities in contrasting neighborhood environments through a physical activity intervention. Preventive Medicine, 96 . p. 87-93. ISSN 0091-7435 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.049.

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Résumé

While neighborhood design can potentially influence routine outdoor physical activities (PA), little is known concerning its effects on such activities among older adults attempting to increase their PA levels. We evaluated the effects of living in neighborhoods differing in compactness on changes in routine outdoor activities (e.g., walking, gardening, yard work) among older adults at increased mobility disability risk participating in the LIFE-Pilot PA trial (2003–07; ages 70–89 years; from Dallas, TX, San Francisco Bay area, Pittsburgh, PA, and Winston-Salem, NC). Analyses were conducted on the 400 LIFE-Pilot participants randomized to a one-year endurance-plus-strengthening PA intervention or health education control that completed one-year PA assessment (CHAMPS questionnaire). Outcomes of interest were exercise and leisure walking, walking for errands, and moderate-intensity gardening. Neighborhood compactness was assessed objectively using geographic information systems via a subsequent grant (2008–12). PA increased weekly exercise and leisure walking relative to control, irrespective of neighborhood compactness. However, walking for errands decreased significantly more in PA relative to control (net mean [SD] difference = 16.2 min/week [7.7], p = 0.037), particularly among those living in less compact neighborhoods (net mean [SD] difference = 29.8 [10.8] minutes/week, p = 0.006). PA participants living in less compact neighborhoods maintained or increased participation in gardening and yard work to a greater extent than controls (net mean [SD] difference = 29.3 [10.8] minutes/week, p = 0.007). The results indicate that formal targeting of active transport as an adjunct to structured PA programs may be important to diminish potential compensatory responses in functionally impaired older adults. Structured endurance-plus-strengthening PA may help older adults maintain or increase such routine activities over time. Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier = NCT01072500.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: VAPEN Aging Older adults Built environment Neighborhood design Compactness Walkability Physical activity Walking Gardening Residential density
Déposé par: Veille References
Date de dépôt: 09 mars 2017 13:42
Dernière modification: 09 mars 2017 13:42
URI: http://bel.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/3061

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