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Democracy predicts sport and recreation membership: Insisghts from 52 countries

Balish, Shea M. (2016). Democracy predicts sport and recreation membership: Insisghts from 52 countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7 (1). p. 21-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2015.12.003.

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Résumé

Although evidence suggests sport and recreation are powerful contributors to worldwide public health, sizable gender differences persist. It is unknown whether country characteristics moderate gender differences across countries. The primary purpose of this study was to examine if countries’ levels of democracy and/or gender inequality moderate gender differences in sport and recreation membership across countries. The secondary purpose was to examine if democracy and/or gender inequality predicts overall rates of sport and recreation membership for both males and females. This study involved a nested cross-sectional design and employed the sixth wave (2013) of the world value survey (nSs = 71,901, ncountries = 52). Multiple hierarchal nonlinear Bernoulli models tested: (1) if countries’ levels of democracy moderate gender differences in sport and recreation membership; and (2) if democracy is associated with increased sport and recreation membership for both males and females. Countries’ level of democracy fully moderated gender differences in sport and recreation membership across countries. Moreover, democracy was positively associated with both male and female membership, even when controlling for individual and country-level covariates. Democratic political regimes may confer health benefits via increased levels of sport and recreation membership, especially for females. Future research should test mediating mechanisms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: VAPEN Health behaviour Cross-country Bernoulli models Gender differences Democracy Athletics Open access
Déposé par: Veille References
Date de dépôt: 09 mars 2017 13:42
Dernière modification: 09 mars 2017 13:42
URI: http://bel.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/3031

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